What is Sinusitis?

Sinus infection, or sinusitis, is an inflammation of the sinuses and nasal passages. A sinus infection can cause a headache or pressure in the eyes, nose, cheek area, or on one side of the head. A person with a sinus infection may also have a cough, a fever, bad breath, and nasal congestion with thick nasal secretions. Sinusitis is categorized as acute (sudden onset) or chronic (long term, the most common type).

  • Frontal sinuses over the eyes in the brow area

  • Maxillary sinuses inside each cheekbone

  • Ethmoid sinuses just behind the bridge of the nose and between the eyes

  • Sphenoid sinuses behind the ethmoids in the upper region of the nose and behind the eyes

Classification:
Sinusitis can be classified (based on the duration) into:

  1. Acute sinusitis

  2. Chronic sinusitis

  3. Recurrent sinusitis


Causes:
Acute sinusitis usually follows a viral infection in the upper respiratory tract, but allergens (allergy–causing substances), or pollutants may also trigger acute sinusitis. A viral infection causes damage to the cells of the sinus lining, which leads to inflammation. The lining thickens with fluid that obstructs the nasal passage. This passage connects to the sinuses. The obstruction disrupts the process that removes bacteria normally present in the nasal passages, and the bacteria begin to multiply and invade the lining of the sinus. This causes the symptoms of sinus infection.

The common causes of this condition include:
• Viruses
• Bacteria
• Fungus
• Excessive nose blowing
• Foreign objects in nostril (especially in children)
• Scuba diving
• Side effects of certain drugs
• Tooth caries
• Allergies

Symptoms:

The common symptoms of sinusitis include:
• Nasal congestion and discharge that may be yellowish or greenish
• Cough with production of mucus
• Discharge from the back of the nose into the throat
• Bad breath
• Reduced sense of smell/ taste
• Headache
• Toothache
• Pain in the region of the affected sinus (see the illustration on Sinuses) 
• Fever
• Tiredness
• Weakness

Self–Care at Home
Home care can help open the sinuses and alleviate their dryness. 

Promote drainage

Drink plenty of water and hydrating beverages. Hot tea is often recommended.

Inhale steam two to four times per day by leaning over a bowl of boiling hot water (not while the water is on the stove) or using a steam vaporizer with a towel over the head and bowl to prevent the escape of the steam. Inhale the steam for about 10 minutes. Taking a hot, steamy shower may also work.Prevention

Prevention of a sinus infection depends on its cause.

  1. Avoid contracting upper respiratory tract infections.

  2. Maintain strict hand–washing habits and avoid people who are obviously suffering from a cold.

  3. Stress reduction and a diet rich in antioxidants, especially fresh, dark–colored fruits and vegetables, may help strengthen the immune system

Homeopathic treatment:

What needs to be treated in sinusitis is not only the acute infection or inflammation, but also the inherent tendency to have sinusitis repeatedly. Individual tendency to frequent upper respiratory infections or sinusitis can best be treated with homeopathic approach of individualistic treatment. Recurring sinusitis finds wonderful treatment with homeopathy. Homeopathy treats acute infections as well as the tendency to have infections or allergy. It is almost always possible to avoid antibiotics and sinus surgery if one adopts the homeopathic alternative.

Homeopathy is strongly indicated for sinusitis.