What is Hypertension ?

Raised blood pressure is labeled as hypertension. In realism, blood pressure of an individual tends to increase with advancing age. So, term hypertension will be used when blood pressure exceeds the normal range for a particular age group. Unattended blood pressure can lead to a number of serious complications including stroke, heart diseases, kidney failure, etc.


Hypertension is very common in general population. However, in 95% of cases a specific underlying cause of hypertension cannot be pointed out. This hypertension is labeled as essential hypertension and is believed to be related to genetic and heredity factors. There are multiple factors that increase chances of hypertension significantly: Age, Obesity, High levels of body fats (cholesterol), Excess consumption of alcohol and smoking, Food (more salt intake), Life-style factors (lack of exercise, lack of sleep, mental stress, etc). There is a very small group of cases where hypertension is a result of some specific disease condition in the body and is labeled as secondary hypertension.

It can be easily perceived that hypertension is a constitutional disorder as constitutional defect (genetic factors) is at the base of it and the disorder itself has impact on entire constitution of an individual. While treating hypertension, the treatment needs to be planned to focus at a root level: to affect the genetic tendency. Homeopathic treatment does that precisely.

SelfCare at Home

The management and control of high blood pressure involves two major options, lifestyle modification (detailed here) and medications.

  • Lifestyle options include changing what you eat and your activity level.

  • Quitting smoking and moderating alcohol consumption will also help keep your blood pressure in the healthy range.

Maintain a healthy weight.

  • If you are overweight or obese, lose weight. Aim for a healthy weight range for your height and body type. Your health care provider can help you calculate a target weight.

  • Even a small amount of weight loss can make a major difference in lowering or preventing high blood pressure.

  • To lose weight, you must burn more calories than you take in.

  • Crash or fad diets are not helpful and may be dangerous.

  • Some weight loss medications also carry major risks and may even elevate blood pressure, and great caution is advised in using these drugs.

  • The healthiest and longestlasting weight loss requires slow loss, such as losing onehalf to one pound each week. Eating 500 calories less than you burn every day may help achieve this goal. In a week, you will eat 3500 calories less than you burn, which is enough to lose one pound.

  • ncreasing your physical activity will help you burn more calories.

Lose weight and keep it off :

  • Choose foods low in calories and fat. Fat is a concentrated source of calories. You should cut down on butter, margarine, regular salad dressing, fatty or red meats, the skin of poultry, whole milk, cheese, fried foods, ice cream, many cookies, cakes, pastries, and snacks.

  • Instead, choose baked, broiled, or poached chicken and turkey (without skin), fish, lean cuts of meat (such as round or sirloin); skim, 1%, or evaporated milk; lower fat, lowsodium cheeses; fresh, frozen, or canned fruit or vegetables (without butter, cream, or cheese sauces); plain whole wheat rice and pasta; whole wheat English muffins; whole wheat bagels; whole wheat sandwich bread and rolls; soft tortillas; cold (readyeat) and hot wholegrain cereals (avoid instant types, which are high in sodium).

  • Choose foods high in starch and fiber: These foods are low in fat and also good sources of vitamins and minerals. Try fruits, vegetables, wholegrain cereals, whole wheat pasta, rice, and dry peas and beans.

  • Limit serving sizes: You should especially try to take smaller helpings of highcalorie foods such as meats and cheeses. Try to avoid the temptation of going back for seconds.

  • Write down what you eat and when: It may be helpful to track your habits. You should note where you are and what you are doing when you snack on highcalorie foods. For instance, many people snack while watching television. Or do you skip breakfast and then eat a large lunch? Identifying your eating patterns can help you overcome the situations in which you overeat.

  • Replace highcalorie, highfat snacks with fresh fruits, airpopped popcorn (without salt or butter), or unsalted pretzels. If there is no time for breakfast, take a lowfat muffin, a bagel (without cream cheese), or wholegrain cereal along to eat at work. This will reduce the craving for a large lunch.

Exercise or increase physical activity.

  • Physical activity burns calories, helps you lose weight, and reduces stress.

  • Physical activity reduces total cholesterol and bad cholesterol (LDL) and raises the good cholesterol (HDL).

  • The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends at least 30 minutes of exercise every other day for cardiovascular fitness. The Surgeon General recommends 30 minutes of physical activity on most days of the week.

  • Physical activity doesn't have to mean running a marathon. House cleaning or playing golf or baseball can burn as many as 300 calories per hour; brisk walking (at 3.5 mph), cycling (at 5.5 mph), gardening, dancing, or playing basketball burns as many as 450 calories per hour; jogging (9 min/mile), playing football, or swimming can burn as many as 730 calories per hour; and running (7 min/mile), racquetball, or skiing can burn as many as 920 calories per hour.

  • You can fit physical exercise into your daily routine.

    • Use the stairs instead of the elevator.

    • Get off the bus one or two stops early and walk the rest of the way.

    • Park farther away from the store or office.

    • Ride a bike.

    • Work in the yard or garden.

    • Clean house.

    • Wash the car the oldfashioned way.

    • Go dancing.

General tips for controlling blood pressure include the following:

  • Reduce sodium (salt) intake.

  • Limit alcohol to no more than two drinks a day.

  • Quit smoking.

  • Take medicines as directed.

Suggestion about homeopathic treatment:

Homoeopathy can play major role in management of essential or secondary hypertension. Timely administered homoeopathy medicines can assist in preventing further complications of condition. Life-style modification with moderate exercise, weight reduction, salt restriction can enhance the benefits of homoeopathy.

In my experience, early cases of hypertension respond to homoeopathy much better than those late cases who are already on some antihypertensive medicines for long period of time. Again, homoeopathy is not best suited during the acute hypertensive crisis.